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Successful Immigration Appeal made by our Immigration Team

Updated: Apr 8, 2019

Upper Tribunal (Immigration and Asylum Chamber) Appeal Numbers: IA/51031/2013 IA/51057/2013 IA/51053/2013 IA/51043/2013


Heard at Bradford Decision and Reasons Promulgated On: 11th January 2019 On: 12th February 2019




RC AC MRM GRC (anonymity direction made) Appellants And

The Secretary of State for the Home Department Respondent

For the Appellant: Mr M. Schwenk, Counsel instructed by BKP Solicitors For the Respondent: Mrs R. Pettersen, Senior Home Office Presenting Officer


1. The Appellants are four members of the same family who are all Zimbabwean nationals.

2. This is a matter with a long history. The First-tier Tribunal dismissed the Appellants' linked appeals as long ago as the 18th March 2014, a decision upheld by the Upper Tribunal on the 13th June 2014. The Appellants pursued their case to the Court of Appeal and by a statement of reasons and Order sealed on the 5th April 2018 the matter was remitted, it being agreed that both Tribunals had erred in failing to consider the family's Article 8 rights.

3. The appeal comes before me today for disposal by consent. The Respondent does not oppose the appeals and accepts that each must be allowed on the grounds that the refusal to vary each the Appellants' leave is a disproportionate interference with their Article 8 rights and so unlawful under s6(1) of the Human Rights Act 1998. The background facts to that concession are that the first Appellant, the mother of the family, has lived in this country since 2007; the three remaining Appellants, her children, joined her in 2008. All four have, at all material times, held valid leave to remain and continue to do so by virtue of s3C of the Immigration Act 1971. Ms Pettersen indicated, having reviewed the Secretary of State's policy, that in those circumstances all four qualify for a grant of Indefinite Leave to Remain.

4. Mrs Pettersen further clarified that the Respondent's concession, and this determination, had no application a fifth member of this family: the youngest child BM, who was born in the United Kingdom on the 28th December 2011. That is because BM is a British national, his father having had Indefinite Leave to Remain as a refugee at the time of his birth.

Anonymity Order

5. This appeal involves two children. Having had regard to Rule 14 of the Tribunal Procedure (Upper Tribunal) Rules 2008 and the Presidential Guidance Note No 1 of 2013: Anonymity Orders I therefore consider it appropriate to make an order in the following terms:

"Unless and until a tribunal or court directs otherwise, the Appellants are granted anonymity. No report of these proceedings shall directly or indirectly identify them or any member of their family. This direction applies to, amongst others, both the Appellants and the Respondent. Failure to comply with this direction could lead to contempt of court proceedings"


6. The decision of the First-tier Tribunal contains errors of law such that it is set aside, that being the agreed position before the Court of Appeal.

7. The decision in the appeal is remade as follows: "the appeals are allowed on human rights grounds".

8. There is an order for anonymity.

Upper Tribunal Judge Bruce Dated 11th January 2019

The full decision can be read here:

The decision can be downloaded by following this link:

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